Mastoid bone infection

  Ear Ant:  The picture on the far right shows a dried ant on top of the eardrum.  Notice the serous fluid behind the eardrum in the lower portion of the middle ear.  The picture in the middle shows a bug embedded in ear wax. The far left picture shows a large bug impacted in the ear canal.    Click on Pictures to Enlarge
 

   
Ear Maggots:   This is a very rare condition.  The patient had an insect which  lodged in the ear  and laid eggs.  The parent insect was dead in the ear along with six baby maggots.

 

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Leeches used to reattach the outer ear:   When the outer ear or auricle  is avulsed during a traumatic accident, it must be reattached as a "free" graft.  At first there is no blood supply.  The arteries attach first, after 24 hours, but the blood cannot get out of the graft.   The graft will fill with blood and die unless it is drained.  Leeches not only drain the blood, but also secrete an anticoagulant which will aid in continued blood drainage.   View Article Maggots In Medicine - USA Today
 
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Thanks for the additional information,

Now mastoid effusion basically means that there is collecetion of fluid behind the ear, this is in the bony prominence behind the ear which is composed of air cells. This collection can be in the form of pus or even just simple fluid. Normally the major cause for collection of fluid behind the ear in this region is due to an infection of the middle ear, or the throat or even the inner ear. This can lead to collection of fluid. Also if you have symptoms of chronic sinusistis then this disorder can occur as well.

Now the symptoms which are associated with mastoid effusion are the following,

Ear pain
Ear discharge
tenderness over the mastoid process
Headaches in the form of shooting sharp pain on one side of the head
Fever
Localized inflammation

Now the headaches which youre getting can be due to this problem as well. Now the treatment for this condition is with the following steps,

One is that of antibiotics like ticarcillin, clavulanate & ciprofloxacin, gentamicin.

In some conditions where antibiotic medications are not successful, There surgery remains the best treatment to cure. By removing part of the bone and drain the mastoid via surgery.

So right now i would suggest that you be put on antibiotics to solve this problem and if that doesnt help, then surgical intervention can be done. For this a visit to your ENT is the best option. I hope this helps

Bones protect internal organs, such as the skull protecting the brain or the ribs protecting the heart and lungs . Because of the way that bone is formed, bone has a high compressive strength of about 170 MPa (1800 kgf /cm²), [4] poor tensile strength of 104–121 MPa , and a very low shear stress strength ( MPa ). [25] [26] This means that bone resists pushing(compressional) stress well, resist pulling(tensional) stress less well, but only poorly resists shear stress (such as due to torsional loads). While bone is essentially brittle , bone does have a significant degree of elasticity , contributed chiefly by collagen . The macroscopic yield strength of cancellous bone has been investigated using high resolution computer models. [27]

With prompt treatment, it is possible to cure mastoiditis. Seeking medical care early is important. However, it is difficult for antibiotics to penetrate to the interior of the mastoid process and so it may not be easy to cure the infection; it also may recur. Mastoiditis has many possible complications, all connected to the infection spreading to surrounding structures. Hearing loss is likely, or inflammation of the labyrinth of the inner ear ( labyrinthitis ) may occur, producing vertigo and an ear ringing may develop along with the hearing loss, making it more difficult to communicate. The infection may also spread to the facial nerve (cranial nerve VII), causing facial-nerve palsy , producing weakness or paralysis of some muscles of facial expression, on the same side of the face. Other complications include Bezold's abscess , an abscess (a collection of pus surrounded by inflamed tissue) behind the sternocleidomastoid muscle in the neck, or a subperiosteal abscess , between the periosteum and mastoid bone (resulting in the typical appearance of a protruding ear). Serious complications result if the infection spreads to the brain. These include meningitis (inflammation of the protective membranes surrounding the brain), epidural abscess (abscess between the skull and outer membrane of the brain), dural venous thrombophlebitis (inflammation of the venous structures of the brain), or brain abscess . [2] [4]

Mastoid bone infection

mastoid bone infection

With prompt treatment, it is possible to cure mastoiditis. Seeking medical care early is important. However, it is difficult for antibiotics to penetrate to the interior of the mastoid process and so it may not be easy to cure the infection; it also may recur. Mastoiditis has many possible complications, all connected to the infection spreading to surrounding structures. Hearing loss is likely, or inflammation of the labyrinth of the inner ear ( labyrinthitis ) may occur, producing vertigo and an ear ringing may develop along with the hearing loss, making it more difficult to communicate. The infection may also spread to the facial nerve (cranial nerve VII), causing facial-nerve palsy , producing weakness or paralysis of some muscles of facial expression, on the same side of the face. Other complications include Bezold's abscess , an abscess (a collection of pus surrounded by inflamed tissue) behind the sternocleidomastoid muscle in the neck, or a subperiosteal abscess , between the periosteum and mastoid bone (resulting in the typical appearance of a protruding ear). Serious complications result if the infection spreads to the brain. These include meningitis (inflammation of the protective membranes surrounding the brain), epidural abscess (abscess between the skull and outer membrane of the brain), dural venous thrombophlebitis (inflammation of the venous structures of the brain), or brain abscess . [2] [4]

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