"hdministration is meant to achieve something and not to exist in some kind of an Ivory Tower, following certain rules of procedure and, Narcissus-like, looking on itself with complete satisfaction. The test, after all, is the human being and their welfare."
JMARLAL NEHRU 8 It is universally acknowledeqed that after Independence, the role and functions of the higher Civil Services in India have undergone a profound change. Whereas the higher Civil Services in the pre-Independence period had mostly the task of maintaining the status keep the fabric of the British Empire
intact, after Independence, they have played an
important role in accelerating socio-economic
development of our country in the context of our